Spamedicine is an international medical organization. The primary goal of this website is to provide information in the field of spa medicine as practiced in European spas. Spamedicine operate in following fields: balneology, hydrology, balneotherapy, balneophototherapy, hydrotherapy, dermatology, mineral water, rheumatology.

Medical spas, spa medicine
medical hydrology
mineral water
Busko Poland
Czech Republik
spa procedures


Michalsen A, Ludtke R, Buhring M, Spahn G, Langhorst J, Dobos GJ.
Thermal hydrotherapy improves quality of life and hemodynamic function in patients with chronic heart failure.
Am Heart J. 2003 Oct;146(4):E11.

Barker KL, Dawes H, Hansford P, Shamley D.
Perceived and measured levels of exertion of patients with chronic back pain exercising in a hydrotherapy pool.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Sep;84(9):1319-23.

Cider A, Schaufelberger M, Sunnerhagen KS, Andersson B.
Hydrotherapy--a new approach to improve function in the older patient with chronic heart failure.
Eur J Heart Fail. 2003 Aug;5(4):527-35.

Takken T, Van Der Net J, Kuis W, Helders PJ.
Aquatic fitness training for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2003 Jun 27.

Papavramidou N, Christopoulou-Aletra H.
Hydrotherapy: nineteenth century greek scientific views.
J Altern Complement Med. 2003 Jun;9(3):341-4.

Pechter U, Ots M, Mesikepp S, Zilmer K, Kullissaar T, Vihalemm T, Zilmer M, Maaroos J.
Beneficial effects of water-based exercise in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Int J Rehabil Res. 2003 Jun;26(2):153-6.

Gyurcsik NC, Estabrooks PA, Frahm-Templar MJ.
Exercise-related goals and self-efficacy as correlates of aquatic exercise in individuals with arthritis.
Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Jun 15;49(3):306-13.

Katz VL.
Exercise in water during pregnancy.
Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun;46(2):432-41.

Pechter U, Maaroos J, Mesikepp S, Veraksits A, Ots M.
Regular low-intensity aquatic exercise improves cardio-respiratory functional capacity and reduces proteinuria in chronic renal failure patients.
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2003 Mar;18(3):624-5.

Gruber C, Riesberg A, Mansmann U, Knipschild P, Wahn U, Buhring M.
The effect of hydrotherapy on the incidence of common cold episodes in children: a randomised clinical trial.
Eur J Pediatr. 2003 Mar;162(3):168-76.

Poyhonen T, Sipila S, Keskinen KL, Hautala A, Savolainen J, Malkia E.
Effects of aquatic resistance training on neuromuscular performance in healthy women.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Dec;34(12):2103-9.

Mannerkorpi K, Ahlmen M, Ekdahl C.
Six- and 24-month follow-up of pool exercise therapy and education for patients with fibromyalgia. Scand J Rheumatol. 2002;31(5):306-10.

Belza B, Topolski T, Kinne S, Patrick DL, Ramsey SD.
Does adherence make a difference? Results from a community-based aquatic exercise program.
Nurs Res. 2002 Sep-Oct;51(5):285-91.

Bender T, Balint PV, Balint GP.
A brief history of spa therapy.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2002 Oct;61(10):949.

van Tubergen A, van der Linden S.
A brief history of spa therapy.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2002 Mar;61(3):273-5.

Jentoft ES, Kvalvik AG, Mengshoel AM.
Effects of pool-based and land-based aerobic exercise on women with fibromyalgia/chronic widespread muscle pain.
Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Feb;45(1):42-7.

Ahlqvist J.
Hydrotherapy has had and has a rationale.
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2002 Sep;41(9):1070-1.

Dumas H, Francesconi S.
Aquatic therapy in pediatrics: annotated bibliography.
Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2001;20(4):63-78.

Wyatt FB, Milam S, Manske RC, Deere R.
The effects of aquatic and traditional exercise programs on persons with knee osteoarthritis.
J Strength Cond Res. 2001 Aug;15(3):337-40.

van Tubergen A, Landewe R, van der Heijde D, Hidding A, Wolter N, Asscher M, Falkenbach A, Genth E, The HG, van der Linden S.
Combined spa-exercise therapy is effective in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial.
Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Oct;45(5):430-8.

Peterson C.
Exercise in 94 degrees F water for a patient with multiple sclerosis.
Phys Ther. 2001 Apr;81(4):1049-58.

Reilly KA, Bird HA.
Prophylactic hydrotherapy.
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2001 Jan;40(1):4-6.

Benfield RD, Herman J, Katz VL, Wilson SP, Davis JM.
Hydrotherapy in labor.
Res Nurs Health. 2001 Feb;24(1):57-67.

Blazickova S, Rovensky J, Koska J, Vigas M.
Effect of hyperthermic water bath on parameters of cellular immunity.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 2000;20(1-2):41-6.

Suomi R, Koceja DM.
Postural sway characteristics in women with lower extremity arthritis before and after an aquatic exercise intervention.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000 Jun;81(6):780-5.

Kelly BT, Roskin LA, Kirkendall DT, Speer KP.
Shoulder muscle activation during aquatic and dry land exercises in nonimpaired subjects.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000 Apr;30(4):204-10.

Lineker SC, Badley EM, Hawker G, Wilkins A.
Determining sensitivity to change in outcome measures used to evaluate hydrotherapy exercise programs for people with rheumatic diseases.
Arthritis Care Res. 2000 Feb;13(1):62-5.

Gowans SE, deHueck A, Voss S.
Six-minute walk test: a potential outcome measure for hydrotherapy.
Arthritis Care Res. 1999 Jun;12(3):208-11.

Prins J, Cutner D.
Aquatic therapy in the rehabilitation of athletic injuries.
Clin Sports Med. 1999 Apr;18(2):447-61, ix.

Boulange M.
Current state of the research on hydrotherapy in France.
Forsch Komplementarmed. 1999 Feb;6(1):47-8.

Konlian C.
Aquatic therapy: making a wave in the treatment of low back injuries.
Orthop Nurs. 1999 Jan-Feb;18(1):11-8;

Pagliaro P, Zamparo P.
Quantitative evaluation of the stretch reflex before and after hydrokinesy therapy in patients affected by spastic paresis.
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 1999 Apr;9(2):141-8.

Ariyoshi M, Sonoda K, Nagata K, Mashima T, Zenmyo M, Paku C, Takamiya Y, Yoshimatsu H, Hirai Y, Yasunaga H, Akashi H, Imayama H, Shimokobe T, Inoue A, Mutoh Y.
Efficacy of aquatic exercises for patients with low-back pain.
Kurume Med J. 1999;46(2):91-6.

Zamparo P, Pagliaro P.
The energy cost of level walking before and after hydro-kinesi therapy in patients with spastic paresis.
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1998 Aug;8(4):222-8.

Lipow V.
Water-proofing. Measuring aquatic therapy effectiveness.
Rehab Manag. 1998 Jun-Jul;11(4):34-6, 39.

Spencer AC, Kinne S, Belza BL, Ramsey S, Patrick DL.
Recruiting adults with osteoarthritis into an aquatic exercise class: strategies for a statewide intervention.
Arthritis Care Res. 1998 Dec;11(6):455-62.

Allison TG, Reger WE.
Comparison of responses of men to immersion in circulating water at 40.0 and 41.5 degrees C.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 1998 Sep;69(9):845-50.

Ferrell KM.
Aquatics for people with arthritis.
Lippincotts Prim Care Pract. 1998 Jan-Feb;2(1):102-4.

Thein JM, Brody LT.
Aquatic-based rehabilitation and training for the elite athlete.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1998 Jan;27(1):32-41.

Sjogren T, Long N, Storay I, Smith J.
Group hydrotherapy versus group land-based treatment for chronic low back pain.
Physiother Res Int. 1997;2(4):212-22.

Burns SB, Burns JL.
J Altern Complement Med. 1997 Summer;3(2):105-7.

Hall J, Skevington SM, Maddison PJ, Chapman K.
A randomized and controlled trial of hydrotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis Care Res. 1996 Jun;9(3):206-15.

Cole AJ, Eagleston RE, Moschetti M, Sinnett E.
Aquatic rehabilitation of the spine.
Rehab Manag. 1996 Apr-May;9(3):55-60, 62

Perk J, Perk L, Boden C.
Cardiorespiratory adaptation of COPD patients to physical training on land and in water.
Eur Respir J. 1996 Feb;9(2):248-52.

Katz VL.
Water exercise in pregnancy.
Semin Perinatol. 1996 Aug;20(4):285-91.

McMurray RG, Hackney AC, Guion WK, Katz VL.
Metabolic and hormonal responses to low-impact aerobic dance during pregnancy.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996 Jan;28(1):41-6.

Templeton MS, Booth DL, O'Kelly WD.
Effects of aquatic therapy on joint flexibility and functional ability in subjects with rheumatic disease.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996 Jun;23(6):376-81.

Elmstahl S, Lilja B, Bergqvist D, Brunkwall J.
Hydrotherapy of patients with intermittent claudication: a novel approach to improve systolic ankle pressure and reduce symptoms.
Int Angiol. 1995 Dec;14(4):389-94.

Viitasalo JT, Niemela K, Kaappola R, Korjus T, Levola M, Mononen HV, Rusko HK, Takala TE.
Warm underwater water-jet massage improves recovery from intense physical exercise.
Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1995;71(5):431-8.

Gunther V, Mur E, Kinigadner U, Miller C.
Fibromyalgia--the effect of relaxation and hydrogalvanic bath therapy on the subjective pain experience.
Clin Rheumatol. 1994 Dec;13(4):573-8.

Tovin BJ, Wolf SL, Greenfield BH, Crouse J, Woodfin BA.
Comparison of the effects of exercise in water and on land on the rehabilitation of patients with intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions.
Phys Ther. 1994 Aug;74(8):710-9.

Hurley MV.
The way forward for hydrotherapy.
Br J Rheumatol. 1994 Jan;33(1):102.

Green J, McKenna F, Redfern EJ, Chamberlain MA.
Home exercises are as effective as outpatient hydrotherapy for osteoarthritis of the hip.
Br J Rheumatol. 1993 Sep;32(9):812-5.

Abboudi SY.
The aquatic solution.
Rehab Manag. 1993 Jun-Jul;6(4):77-8, 84-7.

Goldby LJ, Scott DL.
The way forward for hydrotherapy.
Br J Rheumatol. 1993 Sep;32(9):771-3.

Adler AJ.
Water immersion: lessons from antiquity to modern times.
Contrib Nephrol. 1993;102:171-86.

McMurray RG, Katz VL, Meyer-Goodwin WE, Cefalo RC.
Thermoregulation of pregnant women during aerobic exercise on land and in the water.
Am J Perinatol. 1993 Mar;10(2):178-82.

Katz VL, Rozas L, Ryder R, Cefalo RC.
Effect of daily immersion on the edema of pregnancy.
Am J Perinatol. 1992 Jul;9(4):225-7.

Heyneman CA, Premo DE.
A 'water walkers' exercise program for the elderly.
Public Health Rep. 1992 Mar-Apr;107(2):213-7.

Framroze A.
Water's healing powers. Hydrotherapy for the old, the young--for all.
Rehab Manag. 1991 Jun-Jul;4(5):56-66.

Bornmyr S, Svensson H, Bergovist D, Lilja B.
Leg showering therapy in patients with intermittent claudication.
Vasa. 1991;20(3):270-3.

Ernst E, Saradeth T, Resch KL.
A single blind randomized, controlled trial of hydrotherapy for varicose veins.
Vasa. 1991;20(2):147-52.

McMurray RG, Hackney AC, Katz VL, Gall M, Watson WJ.
Pregnancy-induced changes in the maximal physiological responses during swimming.
J Appl Physiol. 1991 Oct;71(4):1454-9.

Watson WJ, Katz VL, Hackney AC, Gall MM, McMurray RG.
Fetal responses to maximal swimming and cycling exercise during pregnancy.
Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Mar;77(3):382-6.

Bacon MC, Nicholson C, Binder H, White PH.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Aquatic exercise and lower-extremity function.
Arthritis Care Res. 1991 Jun;4(2):102-5.

Katz VL, McMurray R, Goodwin WE, Cefalo RC.
Nonweightbearing exercise during pregnancy on land and during immersion: a comparative study.
Am J Perinatol. 1990 Jul;7(3):281-4.

Katz VL, McMurray R, Berry MJ, Cefalo RC, Bowman C.
Renal responses to immersion and exercise in pregnancy.
Am J Perinatol. 1990 Apr;7(2):118-21.

Katz VL, Ryder RM, Cefalo RC, Carmichael SC, Goolsby R.
A comparison of bed rest and immersion for treating the edema of pregnancy.
Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Feb;75(2):147-51.

Katz VL, McMurray R, Turnbull CD, Berry M, Bowman C, Cefalo RC.
The effects of immersion and exercise on prolactin during pregnancy.
Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1990;60(3):191-3.

McMurray RG, Berry MJ, Katz VL, Graetzer DG, Cefalo RC.
The thermoregulation of pregnant women during aerobic exercise in the water: a longitudinal approach.
Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1990;61(1-2):119-23.

McNeal RL.
Aquatic therapy for patients with rheumatic disease.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1990 Nov;16(4):915-29.

Kokot F, Grzeszczak W, Wiecek A.
Water immersion induced alterations of atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with noninflammatory acute renal failure.
Mater Med Pol. 1989 Jul-Sep;21(3):155-9.

Karagounis MN, Kotinis-Zambakas SJ, Nikolakis DJ, Kandilis PJ.
Climate and bioclimate of the broader region of the spas at Kamena Vourla, Thermopylae, Hypati and Aedipsos and their hydrotherapeutical possibilities.
Geogr Med Suppl. 1989;4:7-21.

Berry MJ, McMurray RG, Katz VL.
Pulmonary and ventilatory responses to pregnancy, immersion, and exercise.
J Appl Physiol. 1989 Feb;66(2):857-62.

McMurray RG, Katz VL, Berry MJ, Cefalo RC.
Cardiovascular responses of pregnant women during aerobic exercise in water: a longitudinal study.
Int J Sports Med. 1988 Dec;9(6):443-7.

Katz VL, McMurray R, Berry MJ, Cefalo RC.
Fetal and uterine responses to immersion and exercise.
Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Aug;72(2):225-30.

McMurray RG, Katz VL, Berry MJ, Cefalo RC.
The effect of pregnancy on metabolic responses during rest, immersion, and aerobic exercise in the water.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Mar;158(3 Pt 1):481-6.

Edlich RF, Becker DG, Phung D, McClelland WA, Day SG
Water treatment of hydrotherapy exercise pools.
J Burn Care Rehabil. 1988 Sep-Oct;9(5):510-5.

Johnson CR.
Aquatic therapy for an ALS patient.
Am J Occup Ther. 1988 Feb;42(2):115-20.

Edlich RF, Towler MA, Goitz RJ, Wilder RP, Buschbacher LP, Morgan RF, Thacker JG.
Bioengineering principles of hydrotherapy.
J Burn Care Rehabil. 1987 Nov-Dec;8(6):580-4.

Ernst E.
Observations on the effects of immersion in Bath spa water.
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Feb 1;292(6516):343.

Weinstein LB.
The benefits of aquatic activity.
J Gerontol Nurs. 1986 Feb;12(2):6-11.

O'Hare JP, Heywood A, Summerhayes C, Lunn G, Evans JM, Walters G, Corrall RJ, Dieppe PA.
Observations on the effect of immersion in Bath spa water.
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 Dec 21-28;291(6511):1747-51.

Gehlsen GM, Grigsby SA, Winant DM.
Effects of an aquatic fitness program on the muscular strength and endurance of patients with multiple sclerosis.
Phys Ther. 1984 May;64(5):653-7.

Franchimont P, Juchmes J, Lecomte J.
Hydrotherapy--mechanisms and indications.
Pharmacol Ther. 1983;20(1):79-93

Harrison RA.
Tolerance of pool therapy by ankylosing spondylitis patients with low vital capacities.
Physiotherapy. 1981 Oct;67(10):296.

Golland A.
Basic hydrotherapy.
Physiotherapy. 1981 Sep;67(9):258-62.

Kacavas JJ, Morrison D, Hurley M.
The use of aqua-therapy with geriatric patients.
Am Correct Ther J. 1977 Mar-Apr;31(2):52-9.

Jankowski LW.
Aquatic therapy.
Respir Ther. 1976 Jan-Feb;6(1):37-8, 47.